The Baleswar River

The Baleswar or Baleshwar River is a main river in S-W region of Bangladesh. It plays key role like Pasur R. Mainly, it is the d/s end of the Gorai-Madhumati-Nabaganga system and gets fluvial flow from the u/s through Gorai. The length of the river is 145 km. Its width rises from u/s to d/s with a mean value of 1600 m. It is a tidal river and tides plays key role in the shaping of the tidal plain as well as the aquatic species in water. Also, the river has connection with the entire waterways all over the country.

Ghasiakhali, Bogi and Bhola (Bagerhat) rivers join and give flow to the river. The river also provides the fluvial flow to the M-G channel by tide. However, the river is not so active like Padma River. The right bank is more erosion prone than the left bank and bank shifting also.

Important River in S-W region of Bangladesh
Baleswar or Baleshwar River (Image Source: USGS; Map prepared by the Author)

Importance of the Baleswar River

The Baleswar R plays a vital role in the growth of the economy of the country by carrying vessels, cargo and goods as well as people. Water is at hand all round the year. The shipping is always likely both during dry and peak season. Tides also plays key role in ensuring good water web.

Moreover, Sundarbans is located at the d/s end at the right bank of the Baleswar R. Water from the river keeps the ecosystem of the forest. Further, the water of Baleswar R is used as a regular basis for irrigation, domestic use, bathing and other daily uses.   In Addition to that, trees, wildlife, flora, fauna and fish hugely depends on the Baleswar R. People lead their life by catching fish mostly prawn from this river as well. At the same time, they carry to the local market to sell that keeps their life alive. The river should keep alive for the well being of the citizen of the country.

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